Sunday, August 21, 2016

NRA: 5 Things Hillary Says She Will Do To Your Rights If She Wins

In June 2000, Hillary Clinton endorsed a bill introduced by U.S. Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., that would have required anyone who owns a handgun to be licensed and to have their name placed in a national database. Clinton said, “I stand in support of this common-sense legislation to license everyone who wishes to purchase a gun. I also believe that every new handgun sale or transfer should be registered in a national registry, such as Chuck is proposing.”

To read more about what Hillary has committed to do to our Right to Bear Arms, click HERE.

For additional information see the following links:
Blog Table of Contents

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Silver vs Paper Dollars

In 1964, both of these had the same value. 

Today, the one ounce silver dollar is worth 15 to 20 times more.

 In our blog Investing for Preppers we show how much each one of these dollars can buy today as well as in 1964, the last year our money had silver in it. But today, lets talk about what form of cash you need to store for emergencies.  

Clearly we don't want to be spending silver dollars during a 3-day power outage.  At the same time, we won't be able to spend paper dollars after a total economic collapse. So we need paper dollars for short term events and sliver dollars for long term events. 

So the question arises, at what point does the paper dollar start to diminish in value and silver starts becoming necessary for purchases? 

In August 1921, the Germans made the first billion mark (gold) payment for World War I reparations. This immediately triggered a 1/3 fall in the value of the Paper Mark.   We call this Trigger Day
Imagine that over night everything that cost $1,00 yesterday, costs $1.50 today.

June 24, 1922, 10 months later, the Germany were struggling to make the war reparation payments, when several government officials were assassinated. The paper mark value dropped to 300 paper marks = 1 gold mark.  

Now everything that cost $1.00 only 10 months ago, costs $300 today.

January 1923, 18 months after Trigger Day, the German paper mark drops to 4,281 paper marks to 1 gold mark. 
February 1923, 1 gold mark   =                    6,650 paper marks.
May 1923, 1 gold mark          =                  11,355 paper marks. 
June 1923, 1 gold mark          =                  26,202 paper marks.
July1923, 1 gold mark            =                  84,186 paper marks.  
August 1923, 1 gold mark      =             1,100,632 paper marks.
2 years after the first drop, things that used to cost $1 now cost over $1,000,000. 
September 1923, 1 gold mark =          23,500,000 paper marks,
October 1923, 1 gold mark     =     6,100,000,000 paper marks
November 1923, 1 gold mark = 522,300,000,000 paper marks,
Falling in value by 300 marks in roughly 300 days, a silver dollar that initially cost $20 is worth more than $20 in paper money after 20 days.  For this reason I might suggest that we need enough cash in paper dollars to survive for 3 weeks (21 days).  

Considering inflation, how much money is this? Suppose we want to have the equivalent cash to buy $100 worth of groceries and supplies per week; here is how much we need to have on hand.  The first column is how much you would spend each day, the last column is a running total including inflation of how much you would need to have the equivalent of $100/week of grocery money. So after 7 days, your hundred dollar ($100) budget (left column) would require having four hundred dollars ($400) after 7 days of inflation.

If you wanted to allow $200 per week, simply double this amount; $300, triple this amount. 

After we have this amount of cash in small bills (NOT $100's), then we should start saving silver coins (not bars).  So how much in silver coins do we need?

In our blog Investing for Preppers we show the value of silver in terms of groceries and essentials.  From this I would suggest that we need enough to buy groceries, supplies, seeds, fertilizer and gardening tools to prepare for long term sustainable living.  Depending on the time of the year, you could need as much as 9 months supply to get through the winter, plant in the spring and harvest a crop. 

Considering that the silver will have at least 10 times the value of the dollar and will be sustainable, you should figure on having 10 silver dollars or equivalent US silver coins for each $100 of weekly budget above.  So for 9 months (worst case) x 4.3 weeks per month, or $387 in silver coin.  I would suggest that half of this be in silver Eagles and the other half in sliver quarters and dimes. At the sames time, it would be good to own some silver or gold mining stocks, up to 10% of your net worth.

So for each hundred dollars of weekly groceries and supplies that you need to budget, you will require $3,300 of cash and $387 dollars (face value) of silver coin.  Its also good to consider having a few items for Barter.

You can use this math to prepare at incremental levels.  Instead of having three weeks worth of cash ($3,300) you can start by having 1 weeks worth or $400. Then when you have your cash, you can get your silver coins a few at a time.  In the end, these will hold their value fairly well unlike some supplies with a shelf life that will expire and be worthless some day. 

This should be one part of an Incremental Prepper Plan.

For additional information see the following links:
Blog Table of Contents


Monday, August 15, 2016

Situational Awareness

Developing your ability to scope your surroundings well enough to make better decisions and adjust your posture in different settings is a life changing defense skills.  Being mindful in this way concerning different scenarios you face is a life skill that helps in more ways than personal protection.


Be Like a pro with these OODA loop skills

Watch a demonstration of situational awareness on steroids using OODA loops.  Then find out how you and your family can develop these skills to help you in self defense, as well as making better decisions in life.

Besides the benefit of getting to “stay alive” in a dangerous situation, these skills develop you into a person who can freely and deeply enjoy your surroundings and the people within because you’re not distracted by technological gizmos unless, of course, you spot danger and then your attention goes to protecting those you love.
You get to choose just how skilled you are in comprehending your surroundings.  You can develop skills that act so fast they’re literally subconscious – like the government agent in the video on page 8.  Never-the-less, any level of skill in this area of situational awareness will be an aid to you getting yourself and your family to safety if the need ever arises.
But how do you start?  What do you look for?
How do I know if I’m paying attention to the right things? Are there behaviors or warning signs of an imminent threat that I should know about?
Next, we’ll discover the 4 levels of awareness plus we’ll define the OODA loop process

 Next Page »

For additional information see the following links:
Blog Table of Contents

Situational Awareness Video Link

Sunday, August 7, 2016

Guns in plain sight

Part of a good home invasion plan is having guns safely hidden at strategic locations around the home. Such weapons need to be in a safe but accessible location.

Consider this real life story:

Daniel McNamara and his wife returned to their Detroit home last month around 6 p.m. As the McNamara’s entered their home, two men approached them from behind and ordered them inside the home at gunpoint. The suspects told the McNamara’s to turn around so they wouldn’t remember their faces while they stole jewelry, cash, cell phones, and other valuables.
 The intruders ordered the couple down into the basement and repeatedly told the couple not to look at them or they would shoot them in the face. While downstairs, one of the criminals walked back toward the stairs at which point Daniel grabbed a handgun he had hidden in the basement. Daniel fired two shots hitting one of the suspects as they both fled the house to a waiting car.

To read more on this topic at Cheaper Than Dirt, click HERE
I also recommend you sign up for their weekly BLOG.

For additional information see the following links:
Blog Table of Contents

Home Invasion Response Plan 
Country Home Security Plan 
Urban Survival Plan


Wednesday, August 3, 2016

The 4 BIGGEST THREATS facing America

 The greatest threats facing our country today are:
  1. Radical Islam
  2. Gun Control
  3. Big Government and the NSA
  4. Excessive Immigration
All very politically charged topics that our country will never fully agree on, but let me explain why they are serious threats.

1. First, anyone who lacks tolerance and believes all non-believers (in their religion) are enemies and should be killed are a serious threat.  Anyone who would blow themselves up to kill their enemies are a serious threat.  Iran has massive oil and natural gas reserves; why do they need nuclear power? What happens when these suicide bombers start getting equipped with small Iranian nuclear bombs?

The enemy is among us already and some of our leaders want to bring more. This next election may be our last chance to secure America. Unless we put strict immigration laws in place and start enforcing them, they will continue to infiltrate our country further. For someone who hates and wants to destroy America, major targets are likely to be New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Antonio, San Diego, Boston, Detroit & Washington DC.  This would kill millions and destroy our financial and government centers.  Families that can be verified as non radical by the FBI and who are interested in becoming Americans should be allowed to legally immigrate in accordance with our laws.

Granted, most Muslims are good peace loving people, but there are a large percentage who are radical or silently support radical Islam ideology.  Estimates and surveys I've heard have been between 13% and 20% while only 10% of Germans were Nazis; the rest were coerced with political correctness and later fear of disappearing in the night.  Listening to some of the Soccer fans in Turkey cheer the attack on Paris, this 13-20% seems believable. This is obviously not enough to attack the US directly, but it is enough to infiltrate our country, create division between races and classes and cause major disruptions.  With the Billions of dollars in trade deficit we have sent to the middle east for oil, they have used that money to buy most of our businesses, our media and then indirectly, our politicians including millions of dollars to one of the leading presidential candidates in 2016.

2. As long as we are armed, law abiding citizens can defend themselves against these other threats.  If there was strict gun control in 1770, the united States would not exist today except as a part of England.  Poorly armed and unable to secure our rights by force as George Washington did, we probably would have ended up on the short end of the stick like just the Native Americans, who initially had more people but were not armed as well.

The Right to Bear Arms that Shall not be infringed, wasn't intended to protect our ability to hunt for food, nor enable us to be safe in our homes.  The Right to Bear Arms was intended to protect us from a tyrannical government.  Our Forefathers that won our freedom carried the same guns the military did. The more our government infringes on the right to bear arms, the more important that right becomes to protect against them.

Oppressive countries enforce strict gun control and as a result, countries with less private firearm ownership tend to have lower personal rights, with the government deciding most everything of importance for them.  Things like what they can get, how much they are paid, which doctor they can see or even how many children they can have.  Mexico gun laws are very restrictive and very few citizens own guns and look at their terrible crime rate.  Countries that brag about low gun crime after banning them, either change the way they measure crime or fail to talk about total violent crime, which goes up after banning guns.  FBI statistics clearly show more guns correlates to less crime.  Banning guns only disarms law abiding citizens as the criminals still have them. See Gun Free Zone Facts This is based on an FBI report, not the "facts" of some special interest group.

Do we prohibit guns from criminals & those who are mentally ill?  The obvious answer seems to be yes, but think about this.  If we disagree with the government, they can declare us criminals or mentally ill.  Anyone who would want to own a gun must be mentally ill.... right?  Anyone who owns the wrong kind of gun, that gets more and more restrictive over time is a criminal, right? Veterans and Senior Citizens (easy prey for criminals) won't be competent enough to own guns. Can you see where this could go.  Next, an annual mental examination will be required to own a gun at our expense and a huge government fee/tax.  Slowly over time, more and more "common sense" gun regulations are put in place until it becomes nearly impossible to legally own a gun... no problem for criminals; actually unarmed victims is favorable for criminals.  Interesting how a large majority of all mass shootings are in Gun Free Zones.  Perhaps the people who implement those gun free zones are in part responsible for the victims who are shot, far more so than the gun manufactures being responsible when a criminal uses a gun to commit a crime. 

It should be noted that almost most mass shootings in public since 1950 are in places were guns are banned.  So obviously banning guns does not work.  See Gun Free Zone Facts

3. Big government is the least efficient way to manage things.  Look at the US Post Office which lost billions of dollars while Fed X and UPS are making nice profits.  Look at Social Security which is about to go broke, while private insurance and retirement funds are making money hand over fist.  Look at the VA health care with Veterans who fought for our freedom having to wait months for medical care.  Hundreds of thousands reportedly died while waiting for Government ran Health Care.  This was such a problem in the UK that in 2010 they passed a law to "ensure that no person waits longer than 18 weeks from the date that a patient is referred to the hospital to the time of the operation or treatment."  This law was passed because UK government health care was taking much longer, just like the US Veterans health care was and like US health care for everyone will be if we don't get and keep the government out of it. 

The NSA tracks the average American's phone 25 times per day in 2014;  Where you are, who you talked to, how long, even what you said; every text message and photo you send. Such total knowledge is ripe for abuse.  Every politician or person who is opposed to the NSA, Big Government or the President in power could have incriminating information leak out about them that destroys their life, even if it was only circumstantial evidence and they were totally innocent.  The NSA tracking every American with out a warrant is not the answer and the loss of freedom that it represents is not worth the small (if any) increase in safety.  We need to stop letting potential enemies into our country, not erode our rights so we can bring even more in.

Our prosperity and security has led us to be passive as our Government has grown larger and larger and our federal debt has exceeded 18 Trillion dollars which is over $55,000 for every man woman and child according to .  A typical family of four, owes $220,0000 in federal government debt, in addition to our own personal debt and state debt.  The total debt is over 65 Trillion, or $200,000 per citizen, $800,000 per family of four.  This is despite about 4 Trillion dollars in federal tax revenue which is an average of $10,000 of annual federal taxes per US citizen, or $40,000 for a family of four.  Our federal tax code is over 60,000 pages long.

4. Our government is supposed to be "Of the People, by the People and for the People." The people being the citizens of our country and not everyone who visits legally and especially not those that come to or stay in our country illegally.  Illegal immigrants often steal someones identity to use their Social Security number to get a job.   They claim 99 dependents so that no taxes are withheld.  Their tax burden then falls on the person whose SS number they use.  Donald Trump was once criticized for saying most illegal immigrants were criminals. I take exception to that statement because they are ALL criminals.  Granted, most are hard working & otherwise law-abiding individuals but too many get welfare, food stamps and all the government free benefits with out paying any taxes. If legalized, they could file past tax returns for 3 years and get over $20,000 in Earned Income Credit despite not having paid any taxes. At the same time, educated professional people who would not depend on welfare seek to immigrate and can't.

Don't get me wrong, when our country was under populated, selective and regulated growth through immigration is healthy, but excessive or unregulated growth is cancerous.  During historical periods of excessive immigration, we have experienced gang wars, riots and turf battles between the different ethnic groups.  This is starting again and will only get worse if we don't get things under control now.

Many today don't come here to adopt our ways and fit in to our country, but rather to change our ways to be like theirs through political correctness and claims of racism and profiling.  Profiling is actually a case of law enforcement working smarter.  Would we expect them to question female suspects in a typical rape case or suspect someone with out gang tattoos in a gang related shooting? Not profiling is stupid, but it must be done right. Asking to see ID to vote or confirm the legal status of a drunk driver who doesn't speak English should be fine, especially since speaking English has been a requirement for over 100 years to become a US Citizen.

Let me be clear; I am not a racist despite what many are thinking now.  Further, I resent hearing this all the time and would push back with this. With 97% of the black voters voting for a Black President while about 50% of the whites voted for him and 50% voted against him (an even distribution), who are the real racist? I was raised for many years by a woman of a different color; I worked in Mexico for years and some of my best friends plus the best boss I ever worked for and that I respect highly was a different color.  While charity is good, we would not borrow money to provide for strangers, which is what our country is doing when we bring in immigrants and let them get on welfare, food stamps and free health care. We can't afford it.  When our budget is balanced, it is okay.

So how do we fix these things?  The Declaration of Independence says that "it is the Right of the People to alter" .. our government.  We have a means to achieve this peaceably.  We must all VOTE these principals above all others. Here are some links to help you write to your US Government representatives.

Find Your Senators
Find Your Representative

We get rid of every politician in office that supports any form of gun control & expands government spending.  If the deficit goes up, no incumbent politician should be eligible for re-election. Businesses balance budgets all the time. Most Americans do it every week with their paychecks.  By normal business standards our country is bankrupt.

Obviously we can NOT deport every illegal immigrant. Its inhumane and our country needs the ones that work, pay taxes and do not draw welfare or other government handouts and speak English. Will there be some sob stories on the news and protests? Yes, the solutions to difficult problems are not easy or they would have been fixed already. Every illegal immigrant involved in violent protests should be immediately deported and never eligible to legally return under any circumstances.  Peaceful protests are 100% acceptable and I highly encourage them.  Martin Luther King was a great leader who changed history with Peaceful Protest.  Had he encouraged violence, it would have failed.

We must start by stopping the flow of more immigrants.  A wall is not practical and will not work, but requiring the use of E Verify or face employer fines of $50,000 for each illegal immigrant hired & enforcing it will solve the problem.  Illegal immigrants already working, paying taxes for the past 3-5 years, and not on any form of welfare, no criminal background, will receive a green card (not citizenship) and are temporarily exempt from deportation along with their immediate families.  They will be allowed to apply for citizenship like any other immigrant but receive no special consideration just because they broke our laws. Over time, many will go home because they won't be able to get jobs and welfare....others will stop coming.... problems solved.  Those that stay will be hard working law abiding citizens. 

For additional information see the following links:
Blog Table of Contents
The end of FREE America
Terrorist Attack - Best Preparations
Gun Free Zone Facts   
Or click on a label below for similar topics.

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Alone Season 2 Pack List

Each Alone participant brings clothing, safety, and survival gear to Vancouver Island. Here’s a list of all of the standard items the participants are given, as well as the master list from which they are allowed to select ten special items. Finally, there is a list of prohibited items on their website.

Most all of these items are for substance, but it seems to me as time goes on, that it is loneliness that causes them to tap out.  With out a companion, even one like "Wilson" on Cast Away, they start to go crazy.  So what could we do or bring (besides a companion) that would help with this?


*These items do not count towards the 10 special items, but may not exceed the approved quota for each.

1. 1 pair high leg Hunting boots
2. 2 pairs of Outdoor Pants (can unzip into shorts)
3. 1 t-shirt
4. 2 fleece or wool shirts (hooded or unhooded)
5. 3 pairs wool socks
6. 1 hat (brimmed, wool or baseball)
7. 1 bandana 8. 1 pair gloves
9. 1 light outdoor jacket
10. 2 pairs underwear
11. 1 rain jacket and rain trousers
12. 1 thermal underwear (long)
13. 1 pair of gaiters
14. 1 pair of Crocs, Teva sandals or Keen sandals
15. 1 toothbrush
16. 1 pair of prescription eye glasses
17. 1 personal photograph



*These items were provided to each participant and did not count towards the 10 special items.

1. 1 wool sweater (heavy)
2. 1 pair of gloves (wool/Dachsteins)
3. 1 trapper’s hat with ear protection or toboggan



*We will provide the following items to each participant. These items do not count towards the 10 special items.

1. 2 safety tools (may consist of wild animal repellent, an air horn and/or 1 flare)
2. 1 rules and regulations guide
3. 1 backpack
4. 1 camera pack
5. Camera equipment
6. 1 emergency flare
7. 1 satellite phone
8. 1 emergency personal flotation device
9. 1 first aid kit (military type – tourniquet, wadding, ace bandage, alcohol, plastic bag, etc)
10. 1 small mirror
11. 1 20×20 canvas tarp
12. 1 10×10 tarp for protecting camera and equipment
13. 1 GPS tracking device
14. 1 head lamp
15. 1 emergency rations pack to include water and food



*Each participant must choose TEN total items from the following list. Selections are final. Once chosen, no items may be swapped out or replaced. These will be each participant’s unique tools used to survive in the wilderness on camera.

I've listed my recommended items below in BOLD

1. 12×12 ground cloth/tarp (grommets approved) You get 1 of these above
2. 8 mm climbing rope – 10M
3. 550 para chord – 20m 
4. 1 hatchet
5. 1 saw #2
6. 1 ax

1. 1 multi-seasonal sleeping bag that fits in provided backpack #3
2. 1 bivy bag (Gore-Tex sleeping bag cover) #4
3. 1 sleeping pad
4. 1 hammock - I might consider this (if mesh) as an alternative to a fish net to serve both needs)

1. 1 large (no more than 2 quart) pot, includes lid #5
2. 1 steel frying pan
3. 1 ferro rod set #6
4. 1 enamel bowl for eating
5. 1 spoon
6. 1 canteen or water bottle
7. 1 bear canister

1. 1 bar soap
2. 1 8 oz tube of toothpaste
3. 1 face flannel
4. 1 40 m roll of dental floss
5. 1 small bottle bio shower soap
6. 1 shaving razor (and 1 blade)
7. 1 towel (30” x 60”)
8. 1 comb

1. 1 300-yards of nylon filament fishing line & 25 assorted hooks (No lures) #7
2. 1 primitive bow with 6 Arrows (must be predominately made of wood)
3. 1 small gauge gill net (1.5 m deep x 3.6 m long, 2” [50 mm] mesh) #8
4. 1 slingshot/Catapult
5. 1 net foraging bag
6. 1 3.5 lb roll of trapping wire

1. 5 lbs of beef jerky (protein) #9
2. 5 lbs of dried pulses/legumes/lentils mix (starch and carbs)
3. 5 lbs of biltong (protein)
4. 5 lbs of hard tack military biscuits (carbs/sugars)
5. 5 lbs of chocolate (Simple/complex sugars)
6. 5 lbs of pemmican (traditional trail food made from fat and proteins)
7. 5 lbs of gorp (raisins, m&m’s and peanuts)
8. 5 lbs of flour (starch/carbs)
9. 2 lbs of rice or sugar and 1 lb of salt

1. 1 pocket knife
2. 1 hunting knife #10
3. 1 Leatherman multi-tool
4. 1 sharpening stone
5. 1 roll of duct tape or 1 roll of electrical tape
6. 1 small shovel
7. 1 small sewing kit
8. 1 carabineer
9. 1 LED flashlight
10. 1 pair of ice spikes

On Season 2 of Alone, the History Channel did not publish a pack list, so watching Season 2, here are the observations of what each person picked as their 10 items.  IF a person build a log structure with sawed ends, it was assumed a saw was taken, even if they did not show it.  In one case, Desmond, very little gear was shown, because he tapped out in a matter of hours, setting a record for the fastest quitter on the show.  Those that stayed longer, or filmed more, showed more gear than others.  So while the list is not complete, it is currently the best available to my knowledge.

IF you notice any items in the show that are NOT on this list, please Post a note about it, indicating which episode, and who has what, so that we can verify it and update this list.

Here WAS the link to the Alone website and list of supplies; but it is not working now.

Saturday, July 16, 2016

The First 5 Things To Do After a Crisis

You’re at work when all of the sudden one of your co-worker’s shouts with a terrible shriek, “Did you hear?” He can see the confused look on your face and explains, “The financial markets just collapsed and everyone’s running to the bank and ATMs.” What should we do?

Preparing for civil unrest in your town is much like prepping for bugging in during any other emergency or weather disaster. You should have plenty of food, water, batteries, medicine and first aid, an alternative cooking method, fuel and lighting for your family for a week.

Our friends at Cheaper Than Dirt have a weekly blog with some really good topics.  I suggest you sign up to receive it each week.  To read more about what you should do immediately upon realizing a crisis has or is happening, click HERE

For additional information see the following links:

Blog Table of Contents;

Or click on a label below for similar topics.

Wednesday, July 6, 2016

Best Prepper Books

Here are some excellent Prepper Books.  Your feedback and suggestions are appreciated and will be evaluated and possibly used to update this list. Note that the order of importance of these books will change based on the skills and experience of the reader.  Here they are:

  1. How to survive the end of the world as we know it by James Wesley Rawles (buy 2 copies)
  2. Prepper Handbook on Amazon Kindle
  3. The Encyclopedia of Country Living 
  4. Country Wisdom & Know-How
  5. SAS Survival Guide by John 'Lofty' Wiseman
  6. Idiot's Guides: Foraging by Mark Vorderbruggen
  7. The Survival Medicine Handbook 
  8. Bushcraft 101 by Dave Canterbury 
  9. Advanced Bushcraft:  by Dave Canterbury
  10. The Backyard Homestead by Carleen Madigan
  11.  The Homesteading Handbook by Abigail R. Gehring
  12.  Mini Farming: Self-Sufficiency on 1/4 Acre by Brett L. Markham
  13. Guide to Canning, Freezing, Curing & Smoking Meat by Wilbur F. Eastman
  14. Meat Smoking And Smokehouse Design by Stanley Marianski
  15.  Basic Butchering of Livestock & Game by John J. Mettler
  16.  Keeping Bees by Ashley English also see our post Bees for Prepping 
  17.  National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms 
  18. Where There Is No Doctor
  19. Vegetable Gardner's Bible  
For additional information see the following links: 
Blog Table of Contents;

Or click on a label below for similar topics.

Gardening Links

Gardening101 – Soil Basics
Preppers Garden
Green House for year-round food supply  
Vegetable Planting Dates 
Vegetable Days to Harvest   

Seeds for Survival
Budget Garden Preparations

Growing your own food from seed

Prepper Livestock series
Preppers Garden 

Food Shelf Life

Growing your own food from seed
Practice Garden 

Fall Garden 

For additional information see the following links: 
Blog Table of Contents

Search: Gardening 
Top Rated Prepper Handbook Posts of all time  

Or click on a label below for similar topics.

Tuesday, July 5, 2016

Food Shelf Life

"What is the shelf life of my food storage?"

Shelf life can be defined two ways according to

Best if used by shelf life - Length of time food retains most of its original taste and nutrition.
Life sustaining shelf life - Length of time food preserves life, without becoming inedible.

There can be a wide time gap between these two definitions of shelf life. For example, most foods available in the grocery store that are dated have a best if used by date that ranges from a few weeks to a few years. On the other hand, scientific studies have determined that when properly stored, powdered milk has a life sustaining shelf life of 20 years. That is, the stored powdered milk may not taste as good as fresh powdered milk, but it retains some nutritional value and is still edible.

To continue reading click HERE.
 For additional information see the following links: 
Blog Table of Contents;
Building your food stores the right way

Or click on a label below for similar topics.